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Basic Electrical

What is Frequency Response | Basics

What is Frequency Response | Basics

The reaction of a circuit has to change in frequency is referred to as its Frequency Response. For example, consider the parallel RLC circuit shown in Figure 1. If the operating frequency of the circuit increases, Here’s what happens: • The reactance of the inductor increases because of XL=2πfL. The …

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AC Waveform & AC Circuit Theory

AC Waveform & AC Circuit Theory

Generally, the term Alternating Current (AC) is used to describe any current that periodically changes direction. For example, take a look at the circuit current time relationship as shown in Figure 1. The horizontal axis of the graph is used to represent time (t). The vertical axis of the graph …

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Resonance in Series and Parallel RLC Circuit

rlc circuit resonance

In any AC circuit consisting of resistors, capacitors, and inductors, either in series or in parallel, a condition can happen in which the reactive power of the capacitors and of the inductors become equal. This condition is called resonance. Simultaneous with the capacitive reactive power and the inductive reactive power being …

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Semiconductor Basics Tutorial

what-is-a-semiconductor

Semiconductor Definition: Semiconductors are elements which have a conductivity between conductors and insulators. Semiconductors can be pure materials, such as silicon or germanium, or a combination of different materials such as gallium arsenide or cadmium selenide. In a doping technique, impurities are added to pure semiconductors making changes in the …

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Low Pass & High Pass Filter Working Principle

low and high pass filters working

Inductance and capacitance are quite useful in electronic circuitry. One example of this usefulness is the filter. A filter is a circuit that separates specific frequencies. There are many filter designs. For example, filters can be designed to pass low frequencies and reject high frequencies; to reject low frequencies and …

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RLC Resonance, Acceptor, Tank & Rejector Circuit

RLC Resonance, Acceptor, Tank & Rejector Circuit | Q of Tuned Circuits

RLC networks are ac circuits that have resistors, capacitors, and inductors placed in the circuit to pass, reject, or control current. A circuit containing all three factors—resistance, inductance, and capacitance—is called an RLC circuit. The resulting impedance in an RLC circuit is equal to the vector addition of R in …

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AC Capacitor Circuits

RC circuit_example

When an ac voltage is applied to a capacitor, the plates charge and discharge repeatedly. During the first half-cycle, the plates charge up (one plate negative and one plate positive) and discharge back to zero. During the next half-cycle, the plates charge to the opposite polarities of the first half …

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RC Circuit: Transient Response & Time Constant

RC Circuit: Transient Response

Definition: The response of current and voltage in a circuit immediately after a change in applied voltage is called the transient response. Refer to Figure 1. A capacitor and a resistor are connected in series across a voltage source. A circuit that contains resistance and capacitance is called an RC …

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AC Inductor Circuits

inductance in ac circuit

In an ac circuit, the applied voltage constantly varies and reverses polarity. Any inductance in the circuit will generate a counter emf, which will oppose the source voltage. This event can be observed by setting up the experiment. Connect a light to a six- volt dc source. Note its brilliance. …

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American Wire Gauge (AWG) System

American Wire Gauge | Chart | Sizes | Circular Mil Definition

Many conductors are much less than an inch in diameter. To simplify area calculations for such conductors, the foot-pound system uses an area unit, called a circular mil, based on a mil, or one-thousandth of an inch (see Figure 1). Definition: One circular mil (CM) is the area of a …

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