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DC Machines

DC Motor Starters and Their Circuit Diagram

This article covers various types of starters for the DC motors including: Manual Starters Automatic Starters Definite Time Starters Counter EMF Starter Current-Limit Starter Each type of starter along with its circuit diagram is described in detail in this section. Manual Starters Recalling the equivalent circuit of a DC motor, …

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Speed Control Methods of DC Motor

speed control methods

The major advantage of DC motors has been the ability to control the speed-torque characteristic over a fairly wide range of speeds for a given torque. Variable-speed AC drives now make it possible to use induction motors to perform tasks that previously could only be done by DC motors. However, …

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Types of DC Motors and Their Characteristics

types of dc motors

DC Motor Speed Characteristics When a load torque is applied to a motor, the motor will slow down due to the load opposing the machine’s rotation. Eventually, the machine’s electromagnetic torque will equal the load torque and a new steady-state speed will be reached. How the speed changes depends on …

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Losses and Efficiency of DC Machine

type of losses in DC Machine

The losses in a DC machine affect its cost, rating, and performance. The efficiency of a rotating machine is frequently determined by measuring the losses, using techniques that are precisely defined by ANSI, IEEE, and NEMA measurement standards. The efficiency is defined the same way as it is for transformers …

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Self-Excited DC Generator Working

Self-excited, DC generator circuit

The magnetization curve produced when the machine is separately excited still applies in the case of self-excited DC generator. That is, a given value of field current will produce a specific value of the generated voltage at a given speed, regardless of how the field winding is connected. However, there …

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DC Generator Characteristics

Wound-field DC machine

As shown by equation 1, the terminal voltage of the separately excited DC generator would be expected to decrease in a linear manner due to the voltage drop across the armature circuit resistance. $\begin{matrix}   {{V}_{t}}={{E}_{a}}-{{I}_{a}}{{R}_{a}} & {} & \left( 1 \right)  \\\end{matrix}$ Figure 1 shows the linear decrease that would …

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DC Generator Operation

Complete equivalent circuit of a separately excited DC generator

When operated as a generator, the armature of the DC machine is driven by a prime mover. As the armature coils move through the flux created by the stator field, a voltage is induced in them. To understand the operation of the DC generator we need a specific relationship for …

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Pulse Width Modulated Inverter | PWM Inverter

Sinusoidal pulse-width-modulation

The Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) inverter offers the ability to change both the magnitude of the voltage and the frequency using a fixed DC voltage as the input. This means a diode rectifier can be used as the front end of the drive, which appears as a constant power factor load …

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Current Source Inverter Operation

Both the VVI and PWM are voltage-source inverters; i.e., they provide a voltage to the motor similar to what it would normally receive from the power system, except at variable frequency. Current Source Inverter Working A current- source inverter, on the other hand, acts as a constant current source to …

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Brushless DC Motor Working

A DC machine actually has an AC current in the armature that is rectified by the commutator and brushes. Brushes eventually wear out, requiring maintenance, and they produce carbon dust and possibly arcing while operating. Nevertheless, the characteristics of DC machines are often desirable. With the advances in power electronics, …

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DC Machine Construction and Operation

Figure 1 shows elementary permanent- magnet machine. It is very similar to the AC machine; however, instead of a pair of slip rings to connect to the ends of the coil, there is a single split ring. Each end of the coil is connected to one-half of the ring, and …

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