A conductor providing either a common return path to the voltage source or a zero reference point, which makes it possible to obtain positive or negative voltages (with respect to ground) from the same power supply.

Gauss-Seidel method

An iterative technique for solving a set of nonlinear equations (e.g., the power flow equations), which uses the latest values 0f the variables in seeking improved values of the other variables.

Gauss’s law

The integral over any closed surface of the normal component of the electric flux density is equal in a rationalized system to the electric charge Q0 within the surface.

Geometric mean distance

 The mean of (n) distances produced by taking the nth root of their product.

Geometric mean radius

 The equivalent radius of a multi-stranded conductor.

Ground wire

A conductor having grounding connections at intervals, which is suspended usually above but not necessarily over the line conductor to provide a degree of protection against lightning discharges.


Devices which use electromagnetic induction to produce electrical energy. 

About Ahmad Faizan

Mr. Ahmed Faizan Sheikh, M.Sc. (USA), Research Fellow (USA), a member of IEEE & CIGRE, is a Fulbright Alumnus and earned his Master’s Degree in Electrical and Power Engineering from Kansas State University, USA.

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