Wind Turbine Power Curve

In this section, you will learn several ways to measure the peak performance of a wind generator. One way to measure peak performance is to use a table or graph of a wind turbine power curve. Another way is to measure the amount of usable energy (power produced over time) …

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Inverter Functions & Application

In addition to types of output waveforms, inverters are also classified according to the interface as either stand-alone or grid-tied. Another inverter configuration, known as a battery backup inverter, is simply an inverter with a built-in charge controller. Stand-alone inverters are used for small applications such as powering a specific …

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Battery Charger Types | Trickle & Float Charger Working

Continuous Trickle Charger Circuit Diagram

The purpose of a battery charger is to charge a battery without overcharging it. The simplest type of charge controller for renewable energy systems monitors the battery voltage and turns the charging current off or reduces it when the battery voltage exceeds a specified level. It turns the charging current …

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Single-Axis and Dual-Axis Solar Tracker

Solar trackers increase the efficiency of solar systems by providing more direct sunlight on the collectors. Depending on the location and the specific system, 25% to 40% more energy can be harvested with tracking than without it. Active and Passive Trackers Solar trackers can be categorized as either active or …

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Solar Concentrators Types & Applications

Concentrating Photovoltaic System

A solar concentrator collects light over a certain area and focuses it onto a smaller area. The light can be focused with either a lens or a mirror. For PV systems, the concentrator can increase the amount of electrical power from each cell in the array. An important application for …

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Grid-Tied Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System

residential grid-connected PV system

Most PV systems are grid-tied systems that work in conjunction with the power supplied by the electric company. A grid-tied solar system has a special inverter that can receive power from the grid or send grid-quality AC power to the utility grid when there is an excess of energy from …

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Solar Panel Data Sheet: Specification & Parameters

solar module data sheet

The most important solar panel specifications include the short-circuit current, the open-circuit voltage, the output voltage, current, and rated power at 1,000 W/m2 solar radiation, all measured under STC. Solar modules must also meet certain mechanical specifications to withstand wind, rain, and other weather conditions. An example of a solar module …

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PN Junction: Formation & Structure

In this section, the PN junction, which forms the basis of photovoltaic devices, is introduced. Silicon (Si) is the most common element used in the construction of photovoltaic solar cells. Recall that the addition of impurities to pure silicon (or other semiconductors) can change the conduction properties and form p …

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Solenoid Problems and Solutions

Herein, we have covered several Solenoid related topics such as Electromagnets, Solenoid & its Characteristics, Solenoid Applications and their Troubleshooting in detail. Electromagnets Define the electromagnet and explain the left-hand rule. An electromagnet is a magnet whose magnetic energy is produced by the flow of electric current. The left-hand rule …

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