Control devices like push buttons, limit switches, and pressure switches are connected into a circuit to attain a logical function in a predetermined manner. All control circuits are basic logic functions or combinations of logic functions. Logic functions are common to all areas of industry. The subjects that utilize the …

Read More »## Difference between Electric field and Magnetic Field

An Electric field takes place where a voltage exists. They are produced around appliances and cables since a voltage exists. If the voltage is higher, an electric field is stronger and its strength is measured in volts per meter (V/m). The field strength diminishes quickly as we move away from …

Read More »## Analog Vs Digital Filter | Difference between Analog and Digital Filter

The primary difference between the analog and the digital filter is that a digital filter needs to sample the input signal (analog signal) and then convert it into binary numbers. These numbers are stacked (stored) as digital data in a system hard drive, treated, and manipulated digitally. On the other …

Read More »## Difference between DC Motor and DC Generator

DC motor and DC generator are similar from the mechanical perspective, however from a technical stand point, both differ from each other significantly. The most significant difference between DC motor and DC generator lies in the conversion mechanism. DC motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy whereas DC generator converts …

Read More »## Difference between Current Transformer and Potential Transformer

Current Transformer Current transformers (CT) are broadly employed in order to measure high magnitude currents. Such transformers basically step down (lower) the current which is to be measured, so that it can be measured with an average range ammeter. A CT generally possesses one or few primary turns. The primary …

Read More »## Effect of Zeros on System Response

The zeros zj of G(s) do not affect the system stability. However, they do affect the amplitudes of the mode functions in the system response and can block the transmission of certain input signals. In general, to assess the Impact of the zeros on the amplitude of the mode functions, …

Read More »## System Stability Analysis using MATLAB

Poles and Stability If pi is a pole of G(s), then the natural, or zero-input, the response of G(s) will consist of the mode functions epit if pi is distinct, and tq epit, q = 0, 1,. . ., r – 1, if pi has multiplicity r. Thus the natural …

Read More »## Zero State Response using Matlab

Response to a General Input In addition to computing and plotting the impulse and step responses of a system, MATLAB can be used to ﬁnd and display the response to general functions of time. This is done with the lsim command, which can be used in a variety of ways. …

Read More »## Unit Step Response | Matlab Transfer Function

Step Response The Laplace transform of a system’s unit step response is the product of the system’s transfer function G(s), and 1/s, the transform of the unit step function. The poles of the resulting transform are the poles of G(s) and a pole at s = 0 (due to the …

Read More »## Impulse Response due to Repeated Poles | Matlab

Time Response Due to Repeated Poles Up to this point the discussion has been restricted to distinct poles. Either real or complex. For a repeated pole there will be more than one term in the time response, with the number of terms depending on the multiplicity of the pole. For …

Read More »## Impulse Response due to Real and Complex Poles | Matlab

Time Response due to Distinct Poles In addition to computing the time response of the output, we can use MATLAB to evaluate and display the time response due to an individual real pole or to a pair of complex poles. Recall that a real pole at s = p with …

Read More »## Impulse Response using Matlab

How to Obtain an Impulse Response Once a transform (or transfer function) G(s) has been deﬁned in MATLAB, operations can be performed to compute and display the corresponding time function g(t), known as the inverse Laplace transform. If the poles are known, G(s) can be written as a partial-fraction expansion …

Read More »## Transfer Function Calculation Matlab with Example

Transfer Functions Representation Consider a ﬁxed single-input/single-output linear system with input u(t) and output y(t) given by the differential equation $\begin{matrix} \overset{..}{\mathop{y}}\,+6\overset{.}{\mathop{y}}\,+5y=4\overset{.}{\mathop{u}}\,+3u & \cdots & (1) \\\end{matrix}$ Applying the Laplace transform to both sides of (1) with zero initial conditions, we obtain the transfer function of the system from the …

Read More »## Difference between Core type and Shell type Transformer

Core type Transformer In core type transformers, winding is positioned on two limbs of the core and there is ONLY one flux path and windings are circumventing the core. These transformers are quite favorite in High voltage practical applications like Distribution, Power, and Auto-Transformers. Shell Type Transformer In …

Read More »## Difference between Conductor Semiconductor and Insulator

This article covers the key differences between Conductor, Semiconductor, and Insulator on the basis of Conductivity, Resistivity, Forbidden Gap, Conduction, Band Structure, Current Flow, Band Overlap, 0 Kelvin Behavior, and Examples.The following table covers the key Differences between Conductor Semiconductor and Insulator. You May Also Read: Difference between Electric and Magnetic …

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