# Calculating Voltage in an AC Circuit | Matlab

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In this tutorial, we will determine the voltages at each node of the following circuit using Matlab.

Determine the voltage at each node of the circuit of figure: The impedances correspond to an inductor and capacitor in the above circuit can be obtained using the following expressions:

\begin{align} & {{Z}_{C}}={{\left. \frac{1}{j\omega C} \right|}_{\omega =30\text{ krad/s}}} \\ & {{Z}_{L}}={{\left. j\omega L \right|}_{\omega =30\text{ krad/s}}} \\\end{align}

From the voltage expression, we can obtain the phasor value as:

$V=10\exp (j\frac{\pi }{4})\text{ V}$

For the current, we have the following expression:

$I=\frac{V}{R+{{Z}_{C}}+{{Z}_{L}}}$

Now, the voltage across each element in the circuit can be obtained as:

\begin{align} & {{V}_{R}}=IR \\ & {{V}_{C}}=Z{}_{C}I \\ & {{V}_{L}}={{Z}_{L}}I \\\end{align}

Now, let’s formulate above mentioned equations in Matlab:

### Matlab Code for Voltage Calculation in an AC Circuit


%Simple AC Circuit
clear all;close all;clc
Voltage= 10*exp(j*pi/4); % Source Voltage
Omega=30e3; % Angular Frequency
R= 100; % Circuit Resistance
L= 3e-3; % Circuit Impedance (3mH)
C= 0.9e-6; % Circuit Capacitance (0.9 microFarad)
Zc= 1/(j*Omega*C); % Capacitive Reactance
Zl= j*Omega*L; % Inductive Reactance
I= Voltage/(Zl+Zc+R) % Total Circuit Current
VR= I*R % Voltage across Resistor
VL= I*Zl % Voltage across an Inductor
VC= I*Zc % Voltage across Capacitor
%=============================================


Results:

VR =

8.4467 + 2.5974i

VL =

-2.3377 + 7.6021i

VC =

0.9620 – 3.1284i

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