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# Basic Electrical

## Parallel RC Circuit

This guide covers Parallel RC Circuit Analysis, Phasor Diagram, Impedance & Power Triangle, and several solved examples along with the review questions answers. This guide covers The combination of a resistor and capacitor connected in parallel to an AC source, as illustrated in Figure 1, is called a parallel RC circuit.  The conditions that …

## Parallel RL Circuit

This guide covers Parallel RL Circuit Analysis, Phasor Diagram, Impedance & Power Triangle, and several solved examples along with the review questions answers. The combination of a resistor and inductor connected in parallel to an AC source, as illustrated in Figure 1, is called a parallel RL circuit. In a parallel DC circuit, the voltage …

## Series Resonance in a Series RLC Resonant Circuit

Circuits in which the inductive reactance equals the capacitive reactance (XL=XC) are called resonant circuits. They can be series or parallel circuits and either RLC or LC circuits. The impedance vector for a typical series RLC resonant circuit is shown in Figure 1 and is summarized as follows: XL and XC are 180 degrees out of phase. XL and XC are equal in value (100 Ω), resulting in a net reactance …

## Series RLC Circuit

This guide covers Series RLC Circuit Analysis, Phasor Diagram, Impedance Triangle, Solved Examples and several Review Questions Answers. A series RLC circuit contains elements of resistance, inductance, and capacitance connected in series with an AC source, as shown in Figure 1. Figure 1 Series RLC circuit diagram RLC Series Circuit Characteristics The characteristics of the RLC series circuit can …

## Series LC Circuit

This guide covers Series LC Circuit phasor diagram, characteristics, and several solved examples along with review questions and answers. A series LC circuit consists of an inductance and a capacitance connected in series, as shown in Figure 1. Figure 1 Series LC circuit diagram LC Series Circuit Characteristics The characteristics of an LC series circuit can be summarized …

## RC Series Circuit

This guide covers Series RC Circuit Analysis, its Phasor Diagram, Power & Impedance Triangle, and several solved examples. Recall that current and voltage are in phase for purely resistive AC circuits, while current leads voltage by 90 degrees in purely capacitive circuits. Therefore, when resistance and capacitance are combined, the …

## RL Series Circuit

This guide covers Series RL Circuit Analysis, its Phasor Diagram, Power & Impedance Triangle, and several solved examples. In a purely resistive AC circuit, any inductive effects are considered negligible. Similarly, in a purely inductive AC circuit, any resistive effects are considered extremely small, and as a result they are …

## Electrical Phasor Diagrams

A vector is a line that, by its length and direction, represents the magnitude and angle of application of a force or velocity or other vector quantity. ‘Phasor’ is a term used to describe rotating vectors which appear in electrical calculations. Voltage and current phasors represent the RMS value of …

## Series Circuit Characteristics

Simply defined a series circuit is a circuit that contains only one current path. For example, consider the circuits shown in Figure 1. In each case, the current generated by the voltage source has only one path, and that path contains all of the components in the circuit. In contrast, …

## Heat and Temperature Explained | Examples

Heat and temperature are different parameters. Heat is energy stored in a body, whereas temperature is the potential of that heat, just as voltage is the potential in an electric circuit. A candle flame has a temperature which is high enough to burn fingers, but a person can quickly snuff …

## Effects of Electricity

Here, we have covered five different effects of electricity in detail such as Electrostatic, Electrochemical, Heat, Magnetic, and Psychological effects. Electrostatic Effects Electrostatic effects of electricity are less common than other effects, but its uses are growing. Chimney stacks in power stations, for example, have an electrostatic generator that energizes …

## What is Fuse? | Types of Fuses and their Applications

Fuse is a component that allows current to pass under normal circumstances and opens automatically if the current exceeds a specified value. In some ways, a fuse is like a normally closed switch. A fuse is designed to allow current to pass under normal circumstances. However, unlike a normally closed …

## Electric Current and Magnetism Relationship

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a great deal of research was directed toward discovering the link between electricity and magnetism. A Danish physicist, Hans Christian Oersted, discovered that a magnetic field existed around a conductor carrying an electric current. You can perform an experiment that shows the magnetic field …