In this article, we will draw characteristic curves of a diode at different temperatures. From the following equation, it is evident that the thermal voltage and the reverse saturation current of a diode depend on the temperature. $i={{I}_{s}}\left[ {{e}^{\left( {}^{v}/{}_{n{{V}_{T}}} \right)}}-1 \right]\text{ }\cdots \text{ (1)}$ IS is reverse saturation current …

Read More »## Ladder Diagram | Schematic Diagram | Wiring Diagram

Wiring Diagram Definition Wiring diagrams tend to show a close representation of the interior position of electrical components in a control cabinet and/or circuit. Sometimes wire diagrams can closely represent a picture. The only difference is components are represented by electrical symbols whether they are NEMA standard or IEC standard …

Read More »## Electrical Symbols | Electrical Drawing Symbols

A symbol is a simple graphical representation of some type of component, device, and load that can be drawn easily on a two-dimensional scale. On electrical or electronic diagrams, symbols are used to represent electrical components. Electrical symbols used in industry today are what engineers use to identify parts of …

Read More »## RLC Circuit Transfer Function Calculation using Matlab

Plot the magnitude and the phase response of the voltage transfer function of series RLC circuit for frequencies from 10 Hz to 100kHz.: Here, we will compute the phase and the magnitude of the voltage transfer function Vo/V1 for frequencies ranging from 10 Hz to 100 kHz. The transfer function can …

Read More »## Node Voltages Calculation in Resistive Circuit using Matlab

Determine the voltage at each node of the circuit: FROM ABOVE CIRCUIT, we can write the following set of equations: $\begin{matrix} \begin{align} & {{I}_{{{R}_{4}}}}={{I}_{{{R}_{1}}}}+{{I}_{{{R}_{3}}}} \\ & {{I}_{{{R}_{2}}}}={{I}_{{{R}_{3}}}} \\ & {{V}_{1}}={{V}_{A}} \\\end{align} & \cdots & (1) \\\end{matrix}$ Or \[\begin{matrix} \begin{align} & \frac{{{V}_{C}}}{{{R}_{4}}}=\frac{{{V}_{1}}-{{V}_{C}}}{{{R}_{1}}}+\frac{{{V}_{B}}-{{V}_{C}}}{{{R}_{3}}} \\ & \frac{{{V}_{1}}-{{V}_{B}}}{{{R}_{2}}}=\frac{{{V}_{B}}-{{V}_{C}}}{{{R}_{3}}} \\\end{align} & \cdots & (2) \\\end{matrix}\] We can rewrite …

Read More »## Series RL Circuit Analysis using Matlab

Determine the voltage across the inductor in series RL circuit : Let us compute the voltage across the capacitor for t≥0 using the following expression: ${{v}_{L}}(t)={{V}_{s}}{{e}^{-t/\tau }}u(t)$ Whereas the source voltage is 1V and time constant τ=L/R. You May Also Read: Series RL Circuit Analysis Theory It’s time to write …

Read More »## RL Circuit Analysis using Matlab

Determine the voltage across the inductor in an RL circuit: Let us compute the voltage across the inductor for t≥0 using the following expression: ${{v}_{L}}(t)=-R{{I}_{lo}}{{e}^{-t/\tau }}u(t)$ Whereas the inductor initial current is 1mA and time constant τ=L/R=5ms. You May Also Read: Series RL Circuit Analysis Theory It’s time to write …

Read More »## Capacitor Charging Equation | RC Circuit Charging | Matlab

In this tutorial, we will Calculate Voltage Across the Capacitor in RC Circuit Using Matlab.RC circuit charging expression is also discussed. Determine the voltage across the capacitor: Let us compute the voltage across the capacitor for t≥0 using the following expression: ${{v}_{C}}(t)={{V}_{s}}(1-{{e}^{-t/\tau }})u(t)$ Whereas the source voltage is 1V and …

Read More »## RC Circuit Analysis using Matlab

Determine the voltage across the capacitor: Let us compute the voltage across the capacitor for t≥0 using the following expression: ${{v}_{C}}(t)={{V}_{c0}}{{e}^{-t/\tau }}u(t)$ Whereas the capacitor initial voltage is 5V and time constant τ=RC=0.2s. You May Also Read: Series RC Circuit Analysis Theory It’s time to write some code in Matlab …

Read More »## LC Circuit Analysis using Matlab

Determine the voltage across the capacitor and the current through the inductor: Using the following formulae, we can easily obtain the voltage across the capacitor and current through an inductor for time t≥0, ${{i}_{L}}(t)=-\sqrt{\frac{C}{L}}{{V}_{c0}}\sin (\frac{1}{\sqrt{LC}}t)u(t)$ ${{v}_{C}}(t)={{V}_{c0}}\cos (\frac{1}{\sqrt{LC}}t)u(t)$ Where ${{V}_{co}}=1V\text{ }\therefore \text{Capacitor Initial Voltage}$ Now, let us write Matlab code to …

Read More »## How to Find Equivalent Resistance in a Complex Circuit | Matlab

Normally, complex circuits are not organized in a nice and clean way for us to follow. They’re oftentimes represented in a way that makes it impossible to recognize which components are connected in parallel and which are in series. The core intent of this tutorial is to show that how …

Read More »## Phase Rotation Meter | Phase Sequence Indicator

A phase rotation meter, as shown in figure 1, is a device used to determine the phase order of a three-phase electrical system. In electrical system that contains three phases, AØ, BØ, and CØ, it is important to know the order before a motor or generator is mechanically connected to …

Read More »## Digital Multimeter Working Principle

Fig.1: Digital Multimeter There are two main types of multimeters. One of the first and oldest multimeters is the analog meter, (Figure 2) and the other, now more widely used meter is the digital multimeter (Figure 1). Fig.2: Analog Multimeter Analog Multimeter Analog meters are a multifunctional multimeter that …

Read More »## Fourier Transform and Inverse Fourier Transform with Examples and Solutions

WHY Fourier Transform? If a function f (t) is not a periodic and is defined on an infinite interval, we cannot represent it by Fourier series. It may be possible, however, to consider the function to be periodic with an infinite period. In this section we shall consider this case …

Read More »## Exponential Fourier Series with Solved Example

Replacing the sinusoidal terms in the trigonometric Fourier series by the exponential equivalents, $\cos (n{{\omega }_{o}}t)=\frac{1}{2}({{e}^{jn{{\omega }_{o}}t}}+{{e}^{-jn{{\omega }_{o}}t}})$ And $\sin (n{{\omega }_{o}}t)=\frac{1}{j2}({{e}^{jn{{\omega }_{o}}t}}-{{e}^{-jn{{\omega }_{o}}t}})$ Now, let us put the above exponential equivalents in the trigonometric Fourier series and get the Exponential Fourier Series expression: You May Also Read: Fourier Transform and …

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