Current Transformer Current transformers (CT) are broadly employed in order to measure high magnitude currents. Such transformers basically step down (lower) the current which is to be measured, so that it can be measured with an average range ammeter. A CT generally possesses one or few primary turns. The primary …

Read More »## Effect of Zeros on System Response

The zeros zj of G(s) do not affect the system stability. However, they do affect the amplitudes of the mode functions in the system response and can block the transmission of certain input signals. In general, to assess the Impact of the zeros on the amplitude of the mode functions, …

Read More »## System Stability Analysis using MATLAB

Poles and Stability If pi is a pole of G(s), then the natural, or zero-input, the response of G(s) will consist of the mode functions epit if pi is distinct, and tq epit, q = 0, 1,. . ., r – 1, if pi has multiplicity r. Thus the natural …

Read More »## Zero State Response using Matlab

Response to a General Input In addition to computing and plotting the impulse and step responses of a system, MATLAB can be used to ﬁnd and display the response to general functions of time. This is done with the lsim command, which can be used in a variety of ways. …

Read More »## Unit Step Response | Matlab Transfer Function

Step Response The Laplace transform of a system’s unit step response is the product of the system’s transfer function G(s), and 1/s, the transform of the unit step function. The poles of the resulting transform are the poles of G(s) and a pole at s = 0 (due to the …

Read More »## Impulse Response due to Repeated Poles | Matlab

Time Response Due to Repeated Poles Up to this point the discussion has been restricted to distinct poles. Either real or complex. For a repeated pole there will be more than one term in the time response, with the number of terms depending on the multiplicity of the pole. For …

Read More »## Impulse Response due to Real and Complex Poles | Matlab

Time Response due to Distinct Poles In addition to computing the time response of the output, we can use MATLAB to evaluate and display the time response due to an individual real pole or to a pair of complex poles. Recall that a real pole at s = p with …

Read More »## Impulse Response using Matlab

How to Obtain an Impulse Response Once a transform (or transfer function) G(s) has been deﬁned in MATLAB, operations can be performed to compute and display the corresponding time function g(t), known as the inverse Laplace transform. If the poles are known, G(s) can be written as a partial-fraction expansion …

Read More »## Transfer Function Calculation Matlab with Example

Transfer Functions Representation Consider a ﬁxed single-input/single-output linear system with input u(t) and output y(t) given by the differential equation $\begin{matrix} \overset{..}{\mathop{y}}\,+6\overset{.}{\mathop{y}}\,+5y=4\overset{.}{\mathop{u}}\,+3u & \cdots & (1) \\\end{matrix}$ Applying the Laplace transform to both sides of (1) with zero initial conditions, we obtain the transfer function of the system from the …

Read More »## Difference between Core type and Shell type Transformer

Core type Transformer In core type transformers, winding is positioned on two limbs of the core and there is ONLY one flux path and windings are circumventing the core. These transformers are quite favorite in High voltage practical applications like Distribution, Power, and Auto-Transformers. Shell Type Transformer In …

Read More »## Difference between Conductor Semiconductor and Insulator

This article covers the key differences between Conductor, Semiconductor, and Insulator on the basis of Conductivity, Resistivity, Forbidden Gap, Conduction, Band Structure, Current Flow, Band Overlap, 0 Kelvin Behavior, and Examples.The following table covers the key Differences between Conductor Semiconductor and Insulator. You May Also Read: Difference between Electric and Magnetic …

Read More »## Difference between Fuse and Circuit Breaker | Circuit Breaker Vs Fuse

A fuse and circuit breaker both of them protect an overloaded circuit by disrupting the current continuity. The way they disrupt the current flow is dissimilar. A fuse is a simple piece of metal that melts down when overheated because of excessive flow of current whereas a circuit breaker has …

Read More »## Inductor Vs Capacitor | Difference Between Inductor and Capacitor

Capacitor and inductor fall under the category of passive components which store and release the energy but do not consume it. Both of the components are extensively used in several applications related to AC systems, especially in signal filtering. The main difference between the capacitor and the inductor is that …

Read More »## Difference between Brushed and Brushless Motors

Brushless DC motors are the one which use an electronic commutation and are powered through a DC source using switching supply and an inverter, which basically generates an AC electrical signal for driving the motor in order to drive the motor. Performance is the main concern for such motors and …

Read More »## Difference between Capacitor and Battery

Capacitor and battery both perform the same function of storing and releasing an energy, however, there are essential differences between both of them due to how they function differently. Capacitors store energy in the form of an electric field while batteries store energy in the form of chemical energy. The …

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